Body Image in Sports

By Inaayath



BRIEF ON BODY IMAGE

WHAT IS BODY IMAGE?



Body image is how a person perceives their body. How attractive they look; how aesthetic and sexually attractive they look and feel. It involves comparing yourself to the standards the society dictates.


The dictation of the standards of how your body should look like and how you feel about yourself in decided by the society itself. The society decides what is attractive and what is not.



HISTORY OF BODY IMAGE


In ancient Egypt, the perfect woman was said to have a slender figure, with narrow shoulders, and a tall waist.


Ancient Greece focused more on the male figure, but its female ideal was full-figured and plump with fair skin tones.


Han dynasty China emphasized pale skin, narrow waists, and petite female figures.


The Victorian era witnessed a similar movement, but the popularity of the waist-cinching corset led to the desirability of the hourglass figure.


Austrian neurologist and psychoanalyst Paul Schilder coined the phrase 'body-image' in his book The Image and Appearance of the Human Body (1935).


WHAT IS NEGATIVE OR DISTORTED BODY IMAGE?


Distorted body image or negative body image refers to an unrealistic view of how someone sees their body. Like eating disorders, it is seen most in women, but many men also suffer from the disorder.


From early childhood on you begin forming your perceptions of your body’s attractiveness, health, acceptability, and functionality. This body image continues to develop as you age and receive feedback from peers, family member, coaches, etc.


Personality traits such as perfectionism and self-criticism can also influence the development of a negative internalized image of your body.


It can also be pressure from your peers like family, friends and coaches.



WARNING FOR NEGATIVE BODY IMAGE


  • obsessive self-scrutiny in mirrors

  • thinking disparaging comments about your body and frequent comparison of your own shape and size to other people

  • jealous or a friend’s body, or just as commonly: the body of a celebrity or someone else in the media.

  • avoiding food during social events .

  • bad breaths